The following terms are used to describe heraldic colours. They show the proper name for the colour, its normal abbreviation, english equivalent, representation in black and white print and an example. Note there is no exact colour for any of the heraldic colours, and so they can vary. See also furs and metals for other "colours" used in heraldry.
|Name||Abbrv.||English||Black and white representation|
|Sable||black||Horizontal and Vertical lines crossing to form tiny squares.|
|Vert||Vert||green||Lines in bend (running top left to bottom right)|
|Purpure||Purp.||purple||Lines in bend sinister (running top right to bottom left)|
There are two other colours or stains which only appear infrequently
Shade of red